If there is a student with type 1 diabetes in your class, even if it is only for part of the day, it is helpful to know the basics of blood sugar.
Blood sugar, that is to say what influences it, what to do when it is too low or too high, is at the heart of diabetes management.
What is glucose?
Glucose is an essential source of energy for the body. Our bodies make it, but it comes mainly from the foods we eat (for more, see Foods and type 1 diabetes).
Glucose is important for the following reasons:
It quickly turns into energy.
The brain and nerves constantly need it.
Blood sugar (blood sugar) refers to the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood at a specific time.
Watch our video: Understanding blood sugar (glucose or blood sugar)
What is insulin?
Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas to keep blood sugar levels healthy. It allows the glucose in food to enter the body's cells, where it is used as a source of energy.
The pancreas of people with type 1 diabetes does not produce insulin. Without this insulin, glucose eventually reaches dangerously high levels. This is why people with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin several times a day, either by injection or using an insulin pump.
The amount of insulin a student needs depends on the amount of food they eat, their activity level, their age, their size and other factors. Insulin doses can vary from day to day.
For more information, see Insulin: What school staff need to know.
What is the usual blood sugar level?
In Canada, blood sugar is measured in mmol / L (millimoles per liter). Blood glucose levels of a person n 'is not with diabetes is between 3.5 mmol / L and 7.8 mmol / L, depending on the time he ate last.
Diabetes is diagnosed when the blood sugar level exceeds 11 mmol / L.
People with type 1 diabetes have target blood sugar values. These values are determined with their healthcare team. In general, the target values are between: